PIAGET’S THEORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF INTELLIGENCE
Jean Piaget engaged in studying the development of children’s understanding, through observing them and talking and listening to them. He explained how children’s minds work and develop, particularly in educational domain. His particular insight was the role of maturation (growing up) in children’s increasing capacity to understand their world: they cannot undertake certain tasks until they are psychologically mature enough to do so. He proposed that children develop into various areas and capabilities. He saw these transitions as taking place at about 18 months, 7 years and 11 or 12 years.
PIAGET’S KEY IDEAS
Adaptation : adapting to the world through assimilation and accommodation
Assimilation : The process by which a person takes material into their mind from the environment.
Accommodation : The difference made to one’s mind or concepts by the process of assimilation.
Classification : The ability to group objects together on the basis of common features.
Class Inclusion : The understanding more advanced than simple classification, that some classes or sets of objects are also sub-sets of a larger class. (E.g. dogs – animals )
Conservation : The realization that objects or sets of objects stay the same even when they are changed.
Decentration : The ability to move away from one system of classification to another one as appropriate.
Egocentrism : just an early stage of psychological development.
Operation : The process of working something out in your head.
Schema : The representation in the mind of a set of perceptions, ideas, and/or actions, which go together.
Stage : A period in a child’s development