HNDE Past Papers and Marking Scheme

HNDE Past Papers and Marking Scheme PDF Download Higher National Diploma in English Past papers and Marking Scheme in PDF. HNDE 1st Year 1st Semester Past Papers Subject 2015 2016 2017 2018 Effective Communication Skills I Download Download Listening Skills I Download Download Language Structure, Usage & Linguistics I Download Download Introduction to Literature Download … Read more

Ode on a Grecian Urn Poem Summary and Analysis

Ode on a Grecian Urn Poem Summary and Analysis “Ode on a Grecian Urn” is a poem written by the English Romantic poet John Keats in May 1819, first published anonymously in Annals of the Fine Arts for 1819 The poem is one of the “Great Odes of 1819”, which also include “Ode on Indolence”, … Read more

Mending Wall Robert Frost’s Poem Summary & Analysis

Mending Wall Robert Frost’s Poem Summary & Analysis The poem Something there is that doesn’t love a wall, That sends the frozen-ground-swell under it, And spills the upper boulders in the sun; And makes gaps even two can pass abreast. The work of hunters is another thing: I have come after them and made repair … Read more

Analysis of My mistress eyes – Sonnet 130

Analysis of My mistress eyes – Sonnet 130 by Shakespeare My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun; Coral is far more red than her lips’ red; If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. I have seen roses damask’d, red and white, … Read more

Basic characteristics of learning – HNDE

Basic characteristics of learning (1) Learning is growth Growth implies i both physical and mental development of the learner. The individual gains experiences through various activities. These are all sources of learning. (2) Learning is adjustment Learning enables the individual to adjust himself properly, with new situations. The individual faces new problems and new situations … Read more


LEARNING Learning is defined as a change in behavior that is the result of experience. Learning is the act of acquiring new knowledge, behaviors, and skills or modifying and reinforcing existing, knowledge, behaviors, and skills. The ability to learn is possessed by humans, animals, plants and some machines.    


EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE (EI) [Emotional leadership (EL), Emotional quotient (EQ) and Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EIQ)] Emotional intelligence is the ability to identify and manage one’s own emotions, as well as the emotions of others, and use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior, and adjust emotions to adapt to environments. Empathy is typically associated with EI, … Read more

Theories of intelligence – HNDE

Theories of intelligence Intelligence is the ability to perceive information, and to retain it as knowledge to be applied within an environment. It is most often studied in humans but has also been observed in both animals and plants. Intelligence in machines is called artificial intelligence, which is commonly implemented in computer systems using programs … Read more

Memory and stages of memory

Memory and stages of memory Memory Memory is the ability to take in information, store it, and recall it at a later time. In psychology, memory is broken into three stages: encoding, storage, and retrieval. The three stages of memory are encoding, storage, and retrieval. Problems can occur at any stage of the process. The … Read more


Cognitive development Cognitive development is a field of study in neuroscience and psychology focusing on a child’s development in terms of information processing, conceptual resources, perceptual skill, language learning, and other aspects of the developed adult brain and cognitive psychology. Piaget proposed four stages of cognitive development:. the sensori – motor, preoperational, concrete operational and … Read more